The primary distinction between freehold and leasehold lies in the ownership rights and the duration of those rights.

Both freehold and leasehold homes have pros and cons. Freehold refers to outright ownership of a property and the land it sits on. Meanwhile, leasehold is a temporary ownership arrangement where the property is leased for a specific period.

Here are the main differences you should understand before deciding between freehold and leasehold ownership.

What is freehold property ownership?

Freehold property ownership refers to the ownership of real estate or land without any time limits or restrictions.

When you own a freehold property, you have complete and indefinite ownership rights over that property. This means you can use, sell, or transfer the property as you see fit without seeking permission from a third party.

In a freehold ownership, the owner holds the property’s title deed, which serves as legal proof of their ownership.

Unlike leasehold properties, where ownership is temporary and subject to a lease agreement, freehold ownership is perpetual and not subject to any ground rent or lease payments.

Freehold properties can include residential homes, commercial buildings, or vacant land. The owner has the freedom to make alterations, renovations, or develop the property according to their needs and local regulations. Additionally, freehold ownership typically comes with the rights to the land beneath the property and any associated airspace.

It’s important to note that while freehold ownership provides extensive rights, it is still subject to local laws, zoning regulations, and any applicable covenants or restrictions that may be in place. Owners are responsible for maintaining the property, paying property taxes, and adhering to any relevant rules and regulations.

Overall, freehold property ownership offers a higher level of control, security, and potential for long-term investment compared to leasehold or other forms of property ownership.


What is leasehold property ownership?

Leasehold property ownership refers to a type of real estate tenure where the owner holds the rights to use and occupy a property for a fixed period of time, as specified in a lease agreement.

Unlike freehold ownership, where the owner has indefinite and absolute ownership rights, leasehold ownership has a predetermined expiration date.

In a leasehold arrangement, the leaseholder (the person or entity holding the lease) does not own the land on which the property is built. Instead, they lease the property from the freeholder (the landowner) for a set number of years, typically ranging from 99 to 999 years.

During the lease term, the leaseholder has the exclusive right to use and occupy the property, subject to the conditions outlined in the lease agreement.

Leasehold ownership is common for flats, apartments, and some houses, particularly in areas where land is scarce or expensive. The leaseholder is responsible for paying ground rent to the freeholder, which is typically a small annual fee.

As the lease nears its expiration date, the property’s value may decrease, making it more challenging to sell or remortgage. When the lease expires, the ownership of the property reverts back to the freeholder, unless the leaseholder chooses to extend the lease or purchase the freehold, which can often be an expensive process.

It’s essential for leasehold property owners to be aware of the remaining lease term and plan accordingly to ensure they can continue living in the property or realise its full value upon sale.


Key differences between freehold and leasehold

Freehold ownership:

Allows the owner complete control over the property

Offers permanent and absolute ownership of the property and land

Enables the owner to make alterations without seeking permission

Passes down ownership to heirs or can be sold to new buyers

Means no ground rent or service charges are payable to a third party

Provides potential for capital appreciation as the property value increases


Leasehold ownership:

Means the property is leased from a freeholder (landowner) for a fixed term

Is initially more affordable than freehold properties

Often requires shared maintenance costs for common areas in multi-unit properties

Often requires ground rent and service charges

Provides potential for capital appreciation during the lease term

Allows the option to extend the lease, subject to costs

Gives the leaseholder the right to occupy the property during the lease period but does not own the land

Requires the leaseholder to seek permission for alterations or extensions



It’s essential to understand the implications of each ownership type before making a property investment decision.

Both freehold and leasehold ownership have their advantages and disadvantages, and the choice depends on individual preferences, budget, and long-term goals.

You have your heart set on a new home and it happens to be a freehold property (as opposed to a leasehold property – both freeholds and leaseholds come with pros and cons). Now, you just need to research and consider whether freehold ownership is right for you.

Freehold ownership is where the buyer owns both the property and the land it stands on indefinitely. Whereas a leasehold property gives the buyer a limited time to own the property.

To make things easier between choosing to to buy a freehold or leasehold property, we’ve listed the key considerations of buying a freehold property. Below, you’ll find insights into the financial, legal, and practical aspects that should inform your decision.

By understanding these factors, you can make a well-informed choice that aligns with your long-term goals and lifestyle preferences.

Freehold homes: what to consider

   1 Property condition:

Assess the condition of the property, including the building structure, plumbing, electrical systems, and any other critical components. Consider the potential costs of necessary repairs or renovations.

   2 Land ownership:

Understand the extent and boundaries of the land included with the property. Verify there are no disputes or encroachments with neighbouring properties.

   3 Legal checks:

Ensure thorough legal checks are conducted, including verifying the title deeds and checking for any legal issues such as easements, rights of way, or restrictive covenants that could affect your use of the property.

   4 Local area:

Research the local area, including amenities, schools, transport links, and future development plans that could impact the property’s value and your quality of life.

   5 Planning permissions:

Investigate any existing planning permissions or restrictions on the property, especially if you plan to make significant alterations or extensions in the future.

   6 Environmental factors:

Check for environmental issues such as flood risk, soil stability, and local environmental policies that might affect the property.

   7 Maintenance responsibilities:

Be prepared for the full responsibility of maintaining the property and the land, including costs for repairs, landscaping, and any shared structures like fences or walls.

   8 Insurance costs:

Estimate the insurance costs for the property, considering factors such as the property’s location, age, and condition.

   9 Market value:

Evaluate the market value of the property compared to similar properties in the area to ensure you are making a sound investment.

   10 Future resale potential:

Consider the property’s potential for resale, including any factors that might affect its future value and desirability to potential buyers.

   11 Financing:

Ensure you have a clear understanding of your financing options and have secured a mortgage or other necessary funds to complete the purchase.

   12 Property taxes:

Be aware of the local property taxes and any other associated costs, such as homeowners’ association fees if applicable.

   13 Neighbouring developments:

Check for any planned developments in the neighbourhood that could affect the property’s value, privacy, and overall living conditions.

   14 Zoning laws:

Understand the zoning laws and regulations in the area, ensuring that the property can be used for your intended purposes.

   15 Utilities and services:

Verify the availability and condition of essential utilities and services, such as water, electricity, sewage, and internet connectivity.



Purchasing a new home is a significant investment. A freehold property offers unparalleled control and long-term security. However, it also comes with its own set of responsibilities and potential challenges.

By carefully considering factors such as budget, maintenance obligations, property condition, and future resale potential, you can ensure you make a prudent and informed decision.

Whether you’re looking for a permanent residence, a family home, or a stable investment, understanding the intricacies of freehold ownership is crucial.

Armed with this knowledge, you can confidently navigate the real estate market and find a property that meets your needs and aspirations.